There’re some of the questions coming into mind when planning on going freediving. Below, we give the explanation of the important Freediving questions, along with some information you need to know before starting your adventure and before going freediving.
It is a breath-hold diving or skin diving that does basically relies on holding the breath until resurfacing instead of using diving apparatus such as scuba gear. It is a form of underwater diving that depends on immersion in water and exposure to high ambient pressure, which has physiological effects that limit the depths and duration possible in freediving.
Freediving examples include but not limited to traditional fishing techniques, competitive and non-competitive freediving, competitive and non-competitive spearfishing, underwater football, snorkeling, etc.
Some freedivers can descend past 100 to 200 meters (300 to 700 feet) without scuba gear. However, this can be so dangerous without proper precautions and equipment.
Freediving is involving some dangers which may stem from environmental hazards, health conditions, pressure and equalization issues, blackout, dehydration, etc.
Environmental hazards can include issues like underwater sea life, predators and poisonous creatures, underwater debris, fishing lines, cables, and even trash.
In addition, there are some dangers related to those with heart, lung, blood pressure, diabetes, seizures, or other medical conditions, as well as the health issues which may occur while freediving such as hypothermia or when the body temperature drops too low. And you can read more about Freediving Anxiety.
Heat exhaustion and heatstroke or dehydration may also be included within these health issues. A diver may also experience some cramps while returning to the surface or swimming to safety.
Generally, free divers should be wary of the dangers they may experience throughout their adventure. They should be aware of how freediving impacts the body’s oxygen supply. They should consult their physicians if they are having any of the health issues above.
Like other water sport, you will need some basic pieces of underwater gear to help you see, breathe, and move better in water. On the other hand, you will not need to wear or lug around so many things as used in scuba diving.
Thus, make sure the following pieces are ready with you before going freediving.
Aside from the good fit, try to choose those with low volume or low profile so they can sit closer to your face and be cleared of water quickly.
It is an important piece that should help you take a few breaths while submerged near the surface of the water. You will, of course, need some training on using it.
Choose a snorkel that is best designated for freediving, preferably with a flexible, curved tube that stays in place so you can relax underwater.
You will need good fins to help you swim more efficiently with much less effort. Then, you can save your energy, lower your respiratory and heart rate and go further underwater.
Some freedivers can hold their breath for more than 10 minutes without using a snorkel or scuba gear. This can be a matter of recreation for some while it is a matter of sport, competition, and adventure for others.
It is worth note that the current record for swimming to extreme depths underwater without breathing apparatus is 214 meters. The record of breath-holding for women is 9 minutes and for men is 11 minutes.
for more detail about breathing techniques check this article “Scuba diving breathing techniques”
You would be wondering what does motivate anyone to dive into the deep waters without an oxygen tank! How free divers are able to dive deeply and last for long without taking a breath? It is about the diving reflex, this evolutionary adaptation enabling seals and dolphins to dive deep and stay underwater for extended periods by slowing and/or shutting down some physiological functions.
For humans, the motivation here would be the blind hunger for the ocean and deep waters or the desire to use techniques like lung packing. However, it can be the sport’s emphasis on learning to slow down that makes it so attractive. Also, it can relate to a desire to push the human mind and body to past limits once thought impossible.
The world is full of places recommended for freediving, these places are lying around all directions of the earth. They include, but not limited to:
Most of these places have schools for freediving, and some of these schools offering free classes, 1-2 classes for free. Also, they have professional freediving instructors who can help you during your short stay and your 1-2 freediving experience days.
Note: There are some instructions, directives, and guidelines for these places, with regard to the maritime environment and others, which you should review and be aware of before starting.
These are some of the information that would help you if you are planning on going freediving. Read carefully and set your plan, then go.